Via Cardinale Oreglia, 22 Isola del Giglio
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Isola del Giglio has about 1.400 inhabitants spread between the localities of Castello, seat of the muncipal administration, Porto, Campese and the small Isola di Giannutri. The territory is mostly hilly with a maximum altitude of 496 m above sea level. Being favored by a mediterranean climate that ensures long warm periods without rain and short cold periods, the island is affected by a consistent flow of tourists, coming from Italy and abroad, on which is based the economy of the town. Isola del Giglio has been inhabited since the Iron Age, later was an etruscan and roman military base. In the Middle Ages the possession of the island passed from hand to hand to various powers of central Italy to the Aldobrandeschi to Perugia to Pisa and finally Florence. It was long devastated by Saracen pirates, remembers in particular is the assault of Frederick Barbarossa who in 1544 sacked the island and deported as slaves around 700 inhabitants. In the medieval part of Giglio, in the hamlet of Castle, are still visible the walls and the medieval fortress built by pisan people. Inside the circle of walls can be admire the Church of San Pietro built in the fifteenth century and still today the main religious structure of the island, preserves in its aisles the treasure entrusted by Pope Innocent XIII and the relics of San Mamiliano patron of the Tuscan archipelago. As evidence of the past are also many coastal watch-towers both in Giglio and Giannutri. The enchanting panorama of the fortified village that is enjoyed by the underlying port is unique. From the coast are in fact clearly visible terraces planted with olive trees and vineyards, pristine nature protected within the Tuscan Archipelago National Park and the crystal clear sea. Not to be missed is also the fraction of Campese, seaside town enclosed in a beautiful bay.|"Isola del Giglio"
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